Annual Report to the Congress on the Information Sharing Environment—June 2008
This second Annual Report to the Congress on the Information Sharing Environment
(ISE) is submitted in accordance with requirements in Section 1016(h) of the Intelligence
Reform and Terrorism Prevention Act of 2004, as amended. This report describes the
state of the ISE, highlights areas where there has been measurable progress in improving
information sharing, and demonstrates the value of the ISE to the nation’s broader
Assessing and Managing the Terrorism Threat
The monograph Assessing and Managing the Terrorism Threat explains risk
assessment, how it is conducted, and how it fits into the risk management process.
The monograph defines terms used in risk management—including threat, vulnerability,
and criticality assessment—and provides a utilitarian risk management methodology.
It also discusses how local practices are being adapted to implement the U.S. Department
of Homeland Security (DHS) State Homeland Security Assessment and Strategy Program.
Compstat: Its Origins, Evolution, and Future in Law Enforcement Agencies
This report—released by the Bureau of Justice Assistance and the Police Executive
Research Forum—provides historical information on Compstat, examines Compstat's
impact on performance and accountability in law enforcement agencies, and offers
insight into the future of the data-driven performance measurement system.
Intelligence Resources Guide
The GlobalJustice Information Sharing Initiative (Global) Advisory Committee, its working groups,
and partner organizations have developed many valuable resources to assist practitioners
in improving agency operations and criminal intelligence sharing efforts. However,
to centrally locate these resources in an easily accessible format/venue and provide
a single reference to “all things intelligence” is an ongoing goal and challenge.
The Criminal Intelligence Resources Guide (Guide) was created to address
this need. This compendium of intelligence products was prepared under the guidance
of the Criminal Intelligence Coordinating Council (CICC) and its research arm, the
Global Intelligence Working Group, providing a well-balanced approach not only to
the content and organization of the Guide itself but to the many resources included.
While the Guide does not claim to be the all-encompassing intelligence resource,
it does aim to capture a valuable representation of the related tools available
to the justice community. This is a “living document,” and persistent efforts will
be employed to continually update it as new resources are identified.
Defining Fusion Center Technology Business Processes: A Tool For Planning
The purpose of this document is to provide a tool for fusion center directors/managers
to assist with understanding and implementing the fundamental business requirements
of the center and planning for the underlying components for each of the business
processes the particular fusion center is or will be undertaking (e.g., suspicious
activity reporting process, training, and statewide incident analysis).
a Policy on the Use of Social Media in Intelligence and Investigative Activities:
Guidance and Recommendations
This document provides law enforcement and justice agencies with guidance and recommendations
on issues to consider when developing a social media policy (or updating other relevant
policies), focusing on access, use, storage, and dissemination of information obtained
from social media sites for investigative and criminal intelligence purposes. The
document includes recommended elements of the related policy, focusing on potential
privacy, civil rights, and civil liberties implications.
Fusion Center Technology Guide
The purpose of this document is to provide a methodology for fusion center directors
and managers to facilitate technology planning and to provide a practical perspective
on the value of technology as an enabler to the fusion center mission. This document
has been developed to work in conjunction with other fusion center technology information
Fusion Center Technology Resources Road Map
The purpose of this document is to provide fusion center leaders—in particular,
senior technology managers—with guidance on how information, technology infrastructure,
applications, performance metrics, and business processes align with the core business
capabilities of a fusion center. Leaders can use this document to assist in formulating
a strategic technology vision and plan for their centers and to support sound investment
and technology selection decisions within such a plan. The document accomplishes
this purpose largely by referencing existing guidelines and recommendations published
by the Global Justice Information Sharing Initiative (Global), the Bureau of Justice
Assistance (BJA), DHS, and PM-ISE. The intent is to link the existing work into
a cohesive, more usable framework for fusion center decision making.
Fusion Process Technical Assistance Program and Services (8th edition)
The Fusion Process Technical Assistance Program and Services catalog offers
fusion centers a series of valuable technical assistance services through a strategic
partnership between the U.S. Department of Homeland Security (DHS) and the U.S.
Department of Justice (DOJ). The technical assistance service modules are designed
to provide flexible assistance, and each delivery is tailored to meet the specific
needs of the requesting fusion center. The technical assistance services detailed
in this catalog provide facilitated discussion with fusion centers and partner agencies
(if applicable), experienced subject-matter experts to share lessons learned and
professional anecdotes to help inform the discussion and decision-making process,
and follow-up consultation and support, as needed. Revised October 2014
Increasing Analytic Capacity of State and Local Law Enforcement Agencies: Moving
Beyond Data Analysis to Create a Vision for Change
This report provides an in-depth look at the successful integration of analytics
within law enforcement agencies. It examines the application and impact of several
initiatives, some of which are based on intelligence-led policing. The Bureau of
Justice Assistance, Law Enforcement Forecasting Group, offers the recommendations
in this report as a means to identify and anticipate problems, forecast crime trends
and patterns, allocate agency resources, and prevent or mitigate criminal activity
critical to enhancing community safety.
Law Enforcement Analytic Standards (2nd edition)
The booklet Law Enforcement Analytic Standards discusses the standards created
by the International Association of Law Enforcement Intelligence Analysts (IALEIA)
as a result of the National Criminal Intelligence Sharing Plan (NCISP) recommendations.
The 25 analytic standards explain the requirements of
agencies to adopt the minimum standards for intelligence-led policing in order to
support the development of sound, professional, and analytical products (intelligence).
The standards are composed of educational standards and intelligence process standards,
as well as testimony, data-source attribution, and feedback standards.
Intelligence: A Guide for State, Local, and Tribal Law Enforcement Agencies
The report Law Enforcement Intelligence: A Guide for State, Local, and Tribal Law
Enforcement Agencies provides guidance to state, local, and tribal law enforcement
(SLTLE) agencies to develop an intelligence capacity or enhance their current one.
To maximize effectiveness, the standards used in the preparation of this guide ensure
that it is contemporary, informative, prescriptive, and resource-rich. This guide
is intended to provide fundamental information about the contemporary law enforcement
intelligence function in its application to SLTLE agencies. The guide embodies the
intelligence-led policing philosophy, demonstrating how it complements community
policing already in use by American law enforcement. It also incorporates the principles,
ideology, and standards of both the National Criminal Intelligence Sharing Plan
and the Global Justice Information Sharing Initiative.
Law Enforcement Tech Guide for Creating Performance Measures That Work
This Tech Guide provides law enforcement and justice agencies with background information
and a structured process for measuring and managing performance. It is not just
about measuring the impact of a particular program. It addresses (a) establishing
precise, measurable priorities and objectives; (b) measuring progress in determining
priorities, achieving objectives, and realizing value in real terms; (c) providing
incentives, establishing accountability, and ensuring that programs and operations
are strategically focused and tactically implemented and monitored to achieve the
results intended; and (d) incorporating ongoing performance measurement into the
fundamental structure and management of operations of law enforcement and justice
agencies. This Tech Guide is funded by the U.S. Department of Justice, Office of
Community Oriented Policing Services (COPS).
National Intelligence Strategy of the United States of America
In support of the National Security Strategy, which sets forth national security priorities,
the National Intelligence Strategy (NIS) provides the Intelligence Community (IC) with the
mission direction of the Director of National Intelligence (DNI) for the next four to five years.
IC activities must be consistent with, and responsive to, national security priorities and must
comply with the Constitution, applicable statutes, and Congressional oversight requirements.
Navigating Your Agency's Path to Intelligence-Led Policing
This document serves as an overview for implementing the intelligence-led policing
(ILP) framework within a law enforcement agency and provides insight regarding the
challenges of ILP implementation. Law enforcement executives can use this document
as a resource to assist in the successful implementation of the ILP framework within
Privacy, Civil Rights, and Civil Liberties Compliance Verification for the Intelligence
This document assists agencies in determining whether they are in compliance with
applicable privacy-related policies, procedures, rules, and guidelines. The document
includes a suggested methodology for conducting the review of an agency's intelligence
enterprise and identifies the high-liability areas of concern that should be included
when performing the review. The document also contains a suggested list of questions
to answer when conducting the compliance process but may not cover all laws, policies,
and procedures that are applicable to a particular state or agency.
Recommendations for First Amendment-Protected Events for State and Local Law
Provides guidance and recommendations to law enforcement agency personnel in understanding
their roles and responsibilities in First Amendment-protected events. This guidance
document is divided into three stages: Pre-Event, Operational, and Post-Event, with
each stage identifying the recommended actions of law enforcement. The resource
also provides an overview of how fusion centers can support law enforcement in its
public safety mission in regards to these types of events.
Crime Through Intelligence-Led Policing
Reducing Crime Through Intelligence-Led Policing serves to demonstrate the
value of ILP in improving agency operations. The purpose of this document is to
illustrate to agencies across the United States successful crime reduction efforts by law
enforcement agencies using intelligence-led policing.
to First Amendment-Protected Events—The Role of State and Local Law Enforcement
The Responding to First Amendment-Protected Events—The Role of State and Local Law
Enforcement Officers training videos are designed to assist law enforcement personnel
in understanding their roles and responsibilities as they prepare for and respond
to a First Amendment-protected event; protecting the privacy, civil rights, and
civil liberties of persons and groups participating in a First Amendment-protected
event; and reinforcing fundamental concepts learned at law enforcement training
academies and during in-service programs.
Role of State and Local Law Enforcement at First Amendment Events
This pocket-sized reference card is designed for line officers who are responding
to a First Amendment-protected event. It provides an overview of their roles and
responsibilities, as well as an overview of the rights of the participants of First
Security and Freedom Ensured Act (SAFE Act) (H.R. 1526) and Security and Freedom
Enhancement Act (SAFE Act) (S. 737): Section-by-Section Analysis
The Congressional Research Service (CRS) report "The SAFE Acts of 2005: H.R. 1526
and S. 737—A Sketch" discusses these two acts. The acts address many of the same
issues, including the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act (FISA) wiretaps, delayed
notification of “sneak-and-peek” search warrants, library and similar exemptions
from FISA tangible item orders and communications related to national security letters,
the definition of “domestic terrorism,” and expansion of the sunset provisions of
the USA PATRIOT Act.
Sharing Criminal Record Information Among New Mexico Tribes and State
This Policy Issue Brief discusses a groundbreaking effort by the state of New Mexico
and three Indian nations—the Pueblos of Acoma, Laguna, and Zuni—to improve criminal
record information sharing across tribal, state, and federal jurisdictions, through
forging new partnerships with the common goal of improving public safety.