The document Fusion Center Guidelines addresses the development of guidelines
for fusion centers as well as the foundation for the development of fusion center
guidelines for law enforcement intelligence, public safety, and private sector entities.
These guidelines and related materials will provide assistance to centers as they
prioritize and address threats posed in their specific jurisdictions for all crime
types, including terrorism, and guide administrators in developing policies, managing
resources, and evaluating services. The fusion process supports the implementation
of risk-based, information-driven prevention, response, and consequence management
programs as well as efforts to address immediate and/or emerging threat-related
circumstances and events. The document also defines fusion centers and explains
that the principal role of fusion centers is to compile, blend, analyze, and disseminate
criminal intelligence and other information (including, but not limited to, threat
assessment, public safety, law enforcement, public health, social service, and public
works) to support efforts to anticipate, identify, prevent, and/or monitor criminal
Information Sharing Environment Implementation Plan
The Information Sharing Environment Implementation Plan (ISE Implementation Plan)
is a product of the requirements outlined in the Intelligence Reform and Terrorism
Prevention Act of 2004. The ISE Implementation Plan describes the intended actions
planned by the Office of the Director of National Intelligence for a future information
sharing environment (ISE). The ISE Implementation Plan addresses the intended goals
of the ISE, outlines the two-phased implementation approach, highlights the major
information sharing challenges, and includes the conclusions and recommendations
of the Office of the Program Manager of the Information Sharing Environment (PM-ISE).
Included in this document is a description of how the PM-ISE will use the ISE Implementation
Plan to manage the ISE. The recommendations cited will impact intelligence operations
at all levels in the United States.
Intelligence Reform and Terrorism Prevention Act of 2004
The Intelligence Reform and Terrorism Prevention Act of 2004 is intended to improve
the intelligence, intelligence community, and intelligence-related activities of
the United States government, including the prevention and prosecution of terrorism,
border security, and international cooperation and coordination.
Mission Possible: Strong Governance Structures for the Integration of Justice
The study Mission Possible: Strong Governance Structures for the Integration of
Justice Information Systems aims to ascertain the type, quality, and capability
of governance processes and structures; evaluate quality and effectiveness of current
models; explore the creative processes behind governance structures; and observe
the progress of different communities as they seek to share justice information.
This study is designed to help jurisdictions create and deploy governance for the
integration of their justice information systems and to provide the tools needed
by local government to develop successful governance structures and improve upon
existing structures. This study is an initial step in the process of helping local
governments reach a level of integration that could lead to a nationwide integration
of justice information systems.
Criminal Intelligence Sharing Plan Overview
The National Criminal Intelligence Sharing Plan (NCISP), the first of its
kind in the country, provides a blueprint to help agencies establish criminal intelligence
sharing policies, procedures, standards, technologies, and training. The NCISP was
assembled with close input and cooperation from local, state, tribal, and federal
law enforcement agencies, and it has been endorsed by numerous national law enforcement
organizations. Implementation of the NCISP will provide law enforcement agencies with
the ability to gather, analyze, protect, and share information and intelligence
to identify, investigate, prevent, deter, and defeat the perpetrators of criminal
and terrorist activities, both domestically and internationally.
National Information Exchange Model (NIEM)
NIEM—the National Information Exchange Model—is a community-driven, government-wide,
standards-based approach to exchanging information. NIEM connects communities of
people who share a common need to exchange information in order to advance their
mission. Used in all 50 states and internationally, NIEM is available to everyone.
It is a consistent starting point—which includes a data model, governance, training,
tools, technical support services, and an active community—that assists users in
adopting a standards-based approach to exchanging data.
National Infrastructure Protection Plan
The National Infrastructure Protection Plan (NIPP), published by the U.S.
Department of Homeland Security, provides the unifying structure, processes, and
mechanisms for the integration of existing and future critical infrastructure and
key resources (CIKR) protection efforts into a single national program. The NIPP
discusses the roles and responsibilities of the security partners, the risk-management
framework, organizational structures and partnerships needed, how CIKR is part of
the homeland security mission, and how to ensure an effective, efficient, long-term
program and provide the required resources for the CIKR protection program.
National Strategy for
A formal counterterrorism strategy released by the White House focuses on goals
of the United States in its efforts to defeat the al Qaeda terrorist network as
well as principles the nation will embrace while working toward those goals.
National Strategy for Homeland Security
The updated National Strategy for Homeland Security guides, organizes,
and unifies our nation’s homeland security efforts. It builds on the first National
Strategy for Homeland Security, issued in July 2002, and complements both the National
Security Strategy issued in March 2006 and the National Strategy for Combating Terrorism
issued in September 2006. It reflects the increased understanding of the threats
confronting the United States, incorporates lessons learned from exercises and real-world
catastrophes, and articulates how to ensure our long-term success by strengthening
the homeland security foundation. Issued October 2007.
National Strategy for Information Sharing and Safeguarding (NSISS)
National security depends on our ability to share the right information, with the
right people, at the right time. Anchored on the 2010 National Security Strategy,
the NSISS provides guidance for more effective integration and implementation of
policies, processes, standards, and technologies that promote secure and responsible
national security information sharing.
Strategy for Homeland Defense and Civil Support
Strategy for Homeland Defense and Civil Support focuses on achieving the
U.S. Department of Defense goal and strategies for leading, supporting, enabling,
and securing the United States from direct attack. The strategy is rooted in the
following guidelines: respect for America’s constitutional principles, adherence
to Presidential and Secretary of Defense guidance, recognition of terrorist- and
state-based threats to the United States, and commitment to continue transformation
of U.S. military capabilities. This report discusses the priority objectives, such
as achieving maximum awareness of potential threats and deterring, intercepting,
and defeating threats at a safe distance. It also discusses the capabilities of
(but is not limited to) intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance capabilities
and information sharing for homeland security and civil support. This report also
explains the projected implications of the Strategy for Homeland Defense and Civil
The National Counterintelligence Strategy of the United States
The National Counterintelligence Strategy of the United States discusses
objectives including identifying, assessing, neutralizing, and exploiting the intelligence
activities of entities who seek to do harm; protecting intelligence collection and
analytic capabilities from adversary denial, penetration, influence, or manipulation;
helping enable the successful execution of sensitive security operations; and helping
safeguard vital national security secrets, critical assets, and technologies against
theft, covert foreign diversion, or exploitation. This report also discusses how
these objectives will be achieved by using counterespionage, counterdeception, and
offensive operations against hostile intelligence activities.
This Unified Message document, issued in April 2012, was created to help clarify
a unified approach to the process of reporting and sharing information related
to suspicious activity.
U.S. National Intelligence—An Overview
The document U.S. National Intelligence—An Overview, published by the Office
of the Director of National Intelligence, is designed to help people across the
government better understand and navigate the Intelligence Community (IC), leading
to improved collaboration and coordination between and with the IC and with the
rest of the federal government.